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Khardung La or Khardung Pass, Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, India
* Khardung La (La means pass in Tibetan) is a high mountain pass located in Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
* The local pronunciation is “Khardong La” or “Khardzong La,” but, as with most names in Ladakh, the romanised spelling varies.
* The pass on the Ladakh Range lies north of Leh and is the gateway to the Shyok and Nubra valleys.
* The Siachen Glacier lies partway up the latter valley.
* Built in 1976, it was opened to motor vehicles in 1988 and has since seen many automobile, motorbike and mountain biking expeditions.
* Maintained by the Border Roads Organisation, the pass is strategically important to India as it is used to carry supplies to the Siachen Glacier.
* Local summit signs claim that its elevation is 5,602 m (18,379 ft) metres high and that it is the world’s highest motorable pass.
* But these claims are disputed by multiple modern measurements, which all agree that its true height is much nearer to the 5,359 m (17,582 ft) measured using DGPS and imply that there are several higher motorable passes.
* Khardong La is historically important as it lies on the major caravan route from Leh to Kashgar in Central Asia.
* About 10,000 horses and camels used to take the route annually, and a small population of Bactrian camels can still be seen at Hunder, in the area north of the pass.
* During World War II there was an attempt to transfer war material to China through this route.
* Khardung La is situated 39 km by road from Leh.
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